bring to this class an original ghazal, which includes the following ingredients:

multiple couplets–between 5 and 12 couplets

shared repeated word, or repeated phrase (refrain)–appears at end of second line in couplet

internal rhyme scheme/pattern: second line of couplet, right before refrain

signature couplet at end

no enjambments between couplets

in opening couplet only, both lines contain rhyme (qafia) and refrain (radif)

lines have similar length (hint: longer lines  give you more room to play with rhyme and refrain)

see color-coded version of Hollander poem, with occasional comments, here

 

 

 

 

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